In this modern digital era, online transactions play a pivotal role. As technology is comforting people by reducing their burden in one prospect, there is also another grotesque side of it which is called as “Cyber War”, that is stealthy in actions but clamorous in its repercussions. So, “Cyber war” is the use of computer technologies to disrupt the normal ongoing activities in a state (or) organization. The hardest and saddest part of it is that, these startling facts aren’t even acknowledged by many in this cosmos and it is their innocence that generate the path for Hackers to prove their insolence. Another reason for these hacks to remain with a status like “never-decreasing and ever-increasing” is the pathetic fact that, even decade old vulnerabilities aren’t patched till now.
- Are you still unaware about the attack vectors?
- Do attacks play a vital role in cyber war?
- Have the XSS (Cross site scripting) attacks vanished?
- SQL injection is still leading method of cyberattack!
- How to overcome business driven cyberattacks?
Are you still unaware about the attack vectors?
As organizations or individual accounts can be hijacked through hacking, hackers can use these attack vectors to infiltrate a network or to disrupt the access to sensitive data over the applications, whether that personally identifiable information (PII), payment card information or any other type of sensitive data.
So, (for eg: If you are running an older technology version that existed before a decade, then the attackers can easily deface your applications. Using this older technology, the vulnerabilities were created from various dimensions. These are the attack vectors that are still persisting even in today’s application. In an organization, the application level or infrastructure level should have a proper authorization. If it doesn’t have, it could lead to the unauthorized access attacks such as broken access controls, insecure direct object references (IDOR).
The majorly covered attack vectors are phishing attacks, SQL injection attack vectors, DDOS attacks, Cross site scripting (XSS), unpatched vulnerabilities and Advanced persistent threats (APTs). The bar graphical representation indicating the percentage of various dreadful cyberattacks are illustrated below:
The most peculiar attacks faced by organizations are Phishing attacks. Through “phishing attack”, perpetrators try to impersonate either a legitimate person or a reputed firm through an email that tempts the received person to click the link for gaining beneficiaries like “Win the prize of 50,000 INR” or “Win a free trip to foreign lands” and through much more fascinating mails. Once when the victims enter their details such as name, date of birth, address and bank details in order to claim the reward, the link redirects them to some other vicious page. Obviously, there's no prize as guaranteed by the far faceless entity. All that the user got as a gift is that, “He has been deceived and all his personal and sensitive details into the hands of hackers has been received”.
A DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) attack is launched from numerous compromised devices, often distributed globally in what is referred to as a Botnet. It is distinct from other Denial of service (DoS) attacks. In DoS, a single source (one network connection) is used to flood a target with malicious traffic. But in DDos attack, multiple sources are used to flood the target machine, thus crashing down the server. They target a wide variety of important resources, from bank news to websites.
“Unpatched vulnerabilities” is another term for security vulnerability. It’s a security exploit that is unintended and an unpatched flaw existing in software code that exposes potential exploitation by hackers. Malicious software codes such as virus, worms, Trojan-horses and other malwares are such examples. Since the old decade vulnerabilities aren’t patched till now, contingencies for the inception of new vulnerabilities isn’t a startling fact.
In the above diagram, some of the few methods are explained in detail. Malicious code is a term that defines unwanted files or programs that can cause harm to a computer or it may affect your storage devices. The various contents in the above diagram are briefed below:
Suspicious activity: By using this attack, an attacker can bind a pre-loaded malware behind a link (phishing) or behind an image (Steganography), to get the shell or backdoors of the targeted individual or from any organizations.
Do attacks play a vital role in cyberwar?
Various threats are troubling the organizations in various ways. Among the uncountable number of terrifying attacks that are tormenting various digital firms, two attacks have been remembered from then till now as “notorious and unforgettable”. They are XSS and SQL based attacks.
Have the Cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks vanished?
XSS has been over a decade. Since then till now, these vulnerabilities remain unpatched!
XSS vulnerabilities were exploited and reported in 1990 itself. Post it, Microsoft security engineers introduced the term “Cross-site scripting” in 2000. It is defined as the “Act of loading attacked third-party web application from the unrelated attacked-site, in a manner that executes a fragment of corrupted packet prepared by the attacker to be launched on the targeted domain. Prominent sites like Google, Microsoft, Facebook, YouTube, Twitter and Orkut have suffered, because of XSS attacks. Mandatory steps to preclude XSS attacks aren’t even initiated in most of the organizations, which is truly a pathetic fact.
Statistics of XSS:
The below statistical representation indicates the XSS records of the past 6 years. From the graph, it is lucid that XSS attacks are like “Never-decreasing and ever-increasing”.
SQL injection is still the leading method of cyberattack!
SQL injection is a type of common attack vector. So, basically SQL injection vulnerability allows an attacker to inject malicious input into a SQL statement. In this SQL injection vulnerability, an attacker can easily insert the malicious SQL queries and can gain the access of the victim’s system.
Diagram indicating the percentage of attacks:
As shown above, when compared to other attack, most of the attacks that have occurred are SQL injection. It is a critical vulnerability and makes a higher impact on organizations and this issue isn’t still patched on internet.
How to overcome Business driven application level attacks?
Web applications are being developed under devops phase. In this phase, as the name suggest, applications are developed rapidly with development operations alone. But this entire deed forgets the security need. It is because of this recklessness towards security that has made even a ‘decade old vulnerabilities’, to remain unpatched till now. This is also a significant reason for various applications to be infiltrated with surreptitious breaches.
In order to amend these existing flaws, implementation of security during the phase of development must be made as a necessity. Prior to this, proper security assessment must be facilitated during staging environment and post the development of applications.
The period of application technology has brought with itself numerous benefits that is secretly accompanied with some risks. Cyberattacks have become common and the majorities of businesses are at risk.
In the 21st century, the security investments are significant. So, make your business immune against insidious attacks. By this, your business will be secure and you will be relaxed.
Day by day, as the technology evolves with advanced measures, the opportunities for Hackers to destroy the obsolete security defences also becomes easy. So, enhancing the firewall nor upgrading the antivirus to the trending version alone won’t accomplish complete security protection. In case, if the firewall (or) antivirus (or) the server unfortunately gets penetrated by the perpetrator, then the chances for a hacker in bypassing the security of the applications is too easy. Indeed, hardening of firewall, upgrading anti-virus to latest version, hosting security devices on Cloud based servers are the best steps but performing a proper and complete security assessment regularly would be the deed, considered as better than the best. Moreover, the Developers must follow secure SDLC framework process for making the security of the applications reach its pinnacle. Proper training must be facilitated for the developers. For making these possible, a proper cybersecurity vendor must be present. Hence, the need for approaching a dominant security company gains significance. We accomplish contemporarily dominant security quality through a team of dedicated security geeks and development freaks. Contact us anytime for experiencing an earthly security of heavenly quality.