A virtual CISO is a resource who has prior experience developing and improving information security programmes. Beginning with a risk assessment, a vCISO gains an understanding of an organization's security program's strengths and weaknesses. Based on the findings, the vCISO collaborates with executive leadership teams to understand goals, budget, and bandwidth, allowing them to provide actionable recommendations, or a roadmap, based on the business's goals and the risk assessment findings. With the roadmap in place, they collaborate with the organization's internal security team to train staff and implement the recommended improvements, enhancing the organization's ability to protect sensitive information while increasing operational efficiencies. They simply serve as a sounding board for the organization's staff to bounce questions and challenges off of over time.