One of the fastest growing information technology careers is Ethical hacking. The goal of an Ethical hacker is to beat illegal hackers at their own games. In Ethical hacking we can, for example, talk about digital forensics as a career, or malware/ software detecting, auditing, pen-testing, social engineering and many other career tracks. Each of these sub-categories within Ethical hacking, deserves acknowledgement. In this blog, let’s focus on some important generic requirements for having a successful career in Ethical hacking.
- What is Ethical hacking
- Why Ethical hacking
- Types of Hackers
- Skills required to become an Ethical hacker
- Experiment A Lot
- Continue Learning and keep listening to Security talks
What is Ethical hacking?
Ethical hacking sometimes called as “Penetration Testing” is an act of intruding/penetrating into system or networks to find out threats, vulnerabilities in those systems which a malicious attacker may find and exploit causing loss of data, financial loss or other major damages. The purpose of Ethical hacking is to improve the security of the network or systems by fixing the vulnerabilities found during testing.
Why Ethical hacking?
Ethical hacking offers an objective analysis of an organization’s information security condition, for organizations of any level of security expertise. The Ethical hacking organization has no knowledge of the company’s systems, other than what they can gather. Ethical Hackers must scan for weaknesses, test entry points, prioritize targets, and develop a strategy that best leverages their resources. They must strengthen their security defenses before malicious hackers finds out the systems weakness.
Ethical hacking is one of the tools that are used to judge the security programs of the organizations. Businesses are faced with the challenge of dealing with complex security requirements that need to be updated as per changing hacking tactics, handling hidden vulnerabilities and evolving technologies.
Ethical hacking firms with specially trained professionals come to the rescue of digital businesses while ensuring effectiveness of service and confidentiality.
Types of Hackers:
- White hat - Ethical hacker.
- Black hat - Perpetual hacker getting unauthorized access.
- Gray hat - A person who gets unauthorized access but reveals the weakness to the company.
- Script kiddie – A person with no technical skills but just utilizes existing tools.
- Hacktivist – A person who hacks for some idea and leaves some message.
Skills required to become an Ethical Hacker:
First of all to be an efficient Ethical hacker, you must to be willing to continuously learn new things on Hacking. Ethical hacker needs to have a strong foundational understanding of at least one coding/scripting language as well as an understanding of the network and web security. Understanding the basic concepts of operating system and learning the fundamentals of networking and security can pave the ladder for you to reach the goal, proper Ethical hacker.
To become a legal hacker, you need to get the right certification, which shows that you not only understand the technology and business implications of hacking to improve security but also that you understand the ethical requirements of legal hacking. In other words, you need to learn Ethical hacking from a legitimate company to land into a corporate, government, or consulting job in the field.
Social skills are used every day in three primary ways:
As a certified Ethical hacker, you’ll need to convince people to give you their login credentials, execute files, or even shut down or restart systems. This is referred to as social engineering and it requires intense training and practice.
When you’re trying to legally hack a system, you will encounter roadblocks. You need to be able to think through problems and come up with innovative solutions to achieve your goals.
You’ll be required to report your findings and make recommendations for your employer to improve security and eliminate vulnerabilities. That means you must be able to effectively communicate with people at all levels across the organization to gather information and disseminate your results.
Experiment A Lot:
This is an important step for setting yourself up as an expert hacker. Setup a laboratory on your own to experiment the learning on the practical applications. A simplest lab will have your own personal computer. However, once you advance, you may want to add more and more computers and require hardware for your experiments. Many hackers initially start off by downloading virtual lab applications such as Oracle Virtual Box. You require at least 3 GB of RAM and a comparatively powerful processor to carry out your hacking experiments.
Continue Learning And Keep Listening To Security Talks:
The key to success in the hacking career is continuous learning. Reading blogs for hacking, available at sites such as hackersonlineclub, kitploit , gbhackers, participating in the forums such as hackforums.net and elite hack are great ways to refresh your knowledge as an Ethical hacker. The online video forums like NULL, DEFCON meeting are good sources to know more about the emerging hacking techniques and technologies that are being deployed.
The terms ‘hacking’, ‘cyber breaches’ and ‘reputational dash’ are widespread these days, due to digitalization. People also realize that hacking is one of the coolest ways to earn extravagant money in a clandestine manner as there are obfuscation techniques to blind their real identity (name, location, gender). But, hacking isn’t all just about shrouding crimes and fleeting from forensic chimes. It is also a boon in today’s digital era as everyone require security to safeguard their data’s.
In more simple words, hacking is just like a pistol. If it is in the hands of terrorists, the consequences would be destructive. If in the hands of police, the consequences would be constructive. It all depends upon the stuff we learn, and the assistance behind your persistence.
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